In this post, we're going to look at another method for correcting exposure problems in Adobe Photoshop Elements 12 by learning about a quick and easy fix for overexposed photos using the Multiply blend mode.
A few weeks ago, we learned how to use the lightening effect of the Screen blend mode to brighten an underexposed photo.
In this post, we will use the Multiply blend mode to darken an overexposed image. To do this, we will use the fact that the Multiply blend mode is the opposite of the Screen mode. The specifics of how it works are somewhat complicated, but the end result is that the Multiply blend mode darkens an image. In this tutorial, we will see how we can take advantage of this to darken a too-bright, overexposed image.
This technique works in both Photoshop and Photoshop Elements.
In this example, we'll be working on the image below. You can see that it's overexposed and brighter than it should be.
Open your image in the Photoshop Elements Editor workspace.
Since this technique involves working in Layers, we will need to move to the Expert Edit workspace. To do this, click on the Expert tab at the top of the Editor workspace.
By default, the Layers panel should be visible in the Panel bin located along the right hand side of the workspace. If you don't see the Layers panel, click on the Layers icon found in the bottom Taskbar.
Now, add a Levels Adjustment layer by clicking the Create Adjustment Layer button (the half blue/half white circle icon) at the top of the Layers palette. Choose "Levels" from the drop down menu.
The Levels adjustment window will pop open. You don't need to make any changes in this window so just click the X in the upper left corner to close the dialog box.
Select the new Levels Adjustment layer by clicking on it in the Layers panel…
…and click on the Layer Blending mode (currently set to Normal) at the top of the Layers Panel. A drop box will appear, displaying a selection of blend modes. Click on Multiply.
You'll notice that your image is now darker.
Now all that is left to do is adjust the level of darkness as needed.
If you think your image is too dark, the Layer Opacity adjustment slider, found at the top of the Layers Panel, can be used to reduce the darkening effect of the adjustment layer. To do this, select the Levels Adjustment layer and move the opacity slider back and forth until you get the result you want.
By the way, if you want to make the image even darker, you can add additional Levels Adjustment layers until the photo looks good to you.
Here's my before (on the top) and after (on the bottom) photos:
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f you are just getting started in photography, exposure is one of the first things you need learn.
But even beyond that, getting a good handle on exposure and how the different components of exposure work together is essential if you want to take control of your photography and the images that you are creating.